Internal mammary vessels as a recipient site.

  title={Internal mammary vessels as a recipient site.},
  author={Milomir M Ninkovic and A. Univ.-Prof. Dr. A. H. Schwabegger and Hans Anderl},
  journal={Clinics in plastic surgery},
  volume={25 2},
In breast reconstruction with a free flap, the selection of suitable recipient vessels remains one of the most critical decisions for the surgeon. Most surgeons use one of the branches of the axillary vascular system, the thoracodorsal vessels. Because of a number of difficulties using this recipient site, the authors investigated the anatomy and availability of the internal mammary vessels for free flap breast reconstruction. This article describes the anatomic considerations, surgical… CONTINUE READING


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