Internal mammary node status: A major prognosticator in axillary node-negative breast cancer

@article{Cody1995InternalMN,
  title={Internal mammary node status: A major prognosticator in axillary node-negative breast cancer},
  author={Dr. Hiram S. Cody and Jerome A. Urban},
  journal={Annals of Surgical Oncology},
  year={1995},
  volume={2},
  pages={32-37}
}
Background: The internal mammary lymph nodes (IMN) have received little attention in recent years, yet are a well-documented site of metastasis and a major prognostic factor in early-stage breast cancer. Methods/Results: Ten-year follow-up of the final 195 patients treated by extended radical mastectomy (ERM) in this practice (selected largely on the basis of medial tumor location, and comprising 15% of all patients treated from 1965 to 1978) found IMN + in 24% of all cases: 36% of AX + versus… CONTINUE READING