Intermittent thermal manipulations of broiler embryos during late incubation and their immediate effect on the embryonic development and hatching process.

@article{Willemsen2011IntermittentTM,
  title={Intermittent thermal manipulations of broiler embryos during late incubation and their immediate effect on the embryonic development and hatching process.},
  author={H Marco Willemsen and Yiyu Li and Els Willems and Lies Franssens and Yufeng Wang and Eddy M-P Decuypere and Nadia Everaert},
  journal={Poultry science},
  year={2011},
  volume={90 6},
  pages={1302-12}
}
Intermittent high (+3°C) and low (-3°C) temperature treatments for 4 h on embryonic day (E) 16, E17, and E18 showed differential effects on embryonic metabolism, without influencing embryonic growth or hatchability. Embryos in the high-temperature group shifted to a more anaerobic metabolism, as indicated by a lower partial pressure of O(2) and a higher… CONTINUE READING