Intermittent cold water swim stress increases immobility and interferes with escape performance in rat.

@article{Christianson2005IntermittentCW,
  title={Intermittent cold water swim stress increases immobility and interferes with escape performance in rat.},
  author={John P Christianson and Robert C. Drugan},
  journal={Behavioural brain research},
  year={2005},
  volume={165 1},
  pages={58-62}
}
The behavioral consequences of intermittent, 5 s cold-water swims (15 degrees C) or confinement were assessed 24 h after stress in a 5 min forced swim test or an instrumental swim escape test (SET). The SET was conducted with temporal and instrumental parameters similar to the shock-motivated shuttle escape test. The tests detected significantly increased immobility in the forced swim test and increased latency to escape in the SET. These results extend previous findings with intermittent swim… CONTINUE READING

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