Intermittent auscultation of the fetal heart rate.

To describe the technique for intermittent auscultation (IA) of the fetal heart rate (FHR), identify the appropriate patient for IA and define criteria for continuation and discontinuation of IA. Intermittent auscultation with doppler or fetoscope is a tool for surveillance of the FHR during labor. With regard to neonatal outcomes, evidence from numerous… CONTINUE READING