Intermediate and long-term memory are different at the neuronal level in Lymnaea stagnalis (L.)

@article{Braun2011IntermediateAL,
  title={Intermediate and long-term memory are different at the neuronal level in Lymnaea stagnalis (L.)},
  author={Marvin H. Braun and Ken Lukowiak},
  journal={Neurobiology of Learning and Memory},
  year={2011},
  volume={96},
  pages={403-416}
}
Differences in neuronal activity explain differences in memory forming abilities of different populations of Lymnaea stagnalis
Involvement of Insulin-Like Peptide in Long-Term Synaptic Plasticity and Long-Term Memory of the Pond Snail Lymnaea stagnalis
TLDR
The data suggest that MIPs trigger changes in synaptic connectivity that may be correlated with the consolidation of taste aversion learning into CTA–LTM in the Lymnaea CNS.
Inverse Relationship between Basal Pacemaker Neuron Activity and Aversive Long-Term Memory Formation in Lymnaea stagnalis
TLDR
The first evidence suggesting that lower neuronal activity at the time of learning may be correlated with better memory formation in spontaneously active neurons is provided, providing new insights into the diversity of cellular rules of plasticity underlying memory formation.
The effect of rearing environment on memory formation
TLDR
Two lab-bred strains of Lymnaea stagnalis, derived from the same original population, demonstrate a difference in memory-forming ability, possibly due to environmental factors.
How Stress Alters Memory in ‘Smart’ Snails
TLDR
Despite the two populations with enhanced memory formation originating from different continents, LTM formation was indistinguishable in both control and stressed conditions, indicating that the underlying mechanisms controlling cognitive differences among populations may be highly conserved in L. stagnalis.
Strain-specific differences of the effects of stress on memory in Lymnaea
TLDR
It is shown that the same stressor has significantly different effects on memory formation depending on whether snails are ‘smart’ or ‘average’, and it is suggested that a stressor or a combination of stressors act to enhance memory in “average” snails but obstruct memory formation in ‘ smart’ snails.
Sensory input from the osphradium modulates the response to memory-enhancing stressors in Lymnaea stagnalis
TLDR
Sensory input from the osphradium is necessary for LTM enhancement following exposure to these chemical stressors, and no response is seen in RPeD1 in osphradially cut animals.
Juveniles of Lymnaea ‘smart’ snails do not perseverate and have the capacity to form LTM
TLDR
It is shown that juveniles of two smart snail strains not only are capable of associative learning but also have the capacity to form LTM following a single 0.5 h training session; ‘average’ juvenile snails do not possess this ability.
A flavonoid, quercetin, is capable of enhancing long-term memory formation if encountered at different times in the learning, memory formation, and memory recall continuum.
TLDR
The present study provides the first support for Q-modulated enhancement of cognitive function in an invertebrate model, the pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis, after an operant conditioning procedure.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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