Intermarriage and homogamy: causes, patterns, trends.

  title={Intermarriage and homogamy: causes, patterns, trends.},
  author={Matthis Kalmijn},
  journal={Annual review of sociology},
  • M. Kalmijn
  • Published 1998
  • Sociology
  • Annual review of sociology
"Although many characteristics play a role in the choice of a spouse, sociologists have most often examined endogamy and homogamy with respect to race/ethnicity, religion, and socioeconomic status.... I summarize empirical research by answering four questions: (a) To what extent are groups endogamous and how do groups differ in this respect? (b) How has endogamy changed over time? (c) Which factors are related to endogamy? (d) How do various dimensions of partner choice coincide? [I then… 

Who Marries Whom? Educational Homogamy in Norway.

A number of previous studies have documented a fairly high level of marital homogamy in Norway. Most of these studies, however, have been local and ethnographic, or based on national data measuring

Interethnic Marriages and Their Economic Effects

Immigrants who marry outside of their ethnicity tend to have better economic outcomes than those who marry within ethnicity. It is difficult, however, to interpret this relationship because

Homogamy by education and migration status in Monterrey, Mexico: changes and continuities over time

This paper reviews changes in homogamy by migration status and educational level in Monterrey, Mexico, through the analysis of marriage patterns for two cohorts of men born in 1905–1934 and

Racial and Educational Homogamy: 1980 to 2000

Two recent trends in marriage imply different consequences for the degree of heterogeneity in American society: Increasing racial intermarriage indicates higher levels of social integration, while

A comparative perspective on intermarriage: Explaining differences among national-origin groups in the United States

It is found that both structural and cultural group-level factors have significant effects on endogamy, and cultural explanations play a more important role than structural explanations (which focus on meeting and mating opportunities) in terms of group boundaries.

Endogamy versus homogamy. Marital choice among descendants of North African, Sahelian African and Turkish immigrants in France

Abstract Whom do French people of immigrant background choose as life partners? This question has raised new scientific interest in France because integration has been challenged by the endogamy

Educational heterogamy

Results partly confirm the alternative hypotheses of child-rearing values and behaviors being subject to gender differences and processes of selection between partners and also indicate a positive link between educational heterogamy and differences in child- rearingvalues and behaviors between partners.

Racial intermarriage pairings

  • V. Fu
  • Sociology
  • 2011
Examination of intermarried couples’ characteristics reveals that intermarriages and endogamous marriages follow different patterns, and that intermarriage pairings for some groups reflect a generalized racial status hierarchy.

The Family Factor in Jewish-Gentile Intermarriage: A Sibling Analysis of The Netherlands

The tendency of members of many ethno-religious groups to marry within their group has been considered evidence for the persistent role of ascription in modern society. What is the role of the family

Intermarriage and Assimilation: Disparities in Levels of Exogamy among Immigrants in France

This article analyses the marriage behaviour of immigrants using data from the INSEE Permanent Demographic Sample that span an extended period (1968-2000). The explanatory factors of exogamy are

The SES Selectivity of Interracially Married Asians 1

How do outmarried Asians compare to their inmarried counterparts and to their spouses in terms of socioeconomic status? We attempt to answer this question by testing hypotheses derived from


public use sample of the 1970 U.S. Census. The two theoretical predictions are: (1) a group's relative size is inversely related to the proportion of its members who are outmarried; and (2) an SMSA's

Shifting Boundaries: Trends in Religious and Educational Homogamy

I assess whether intermarriage between Protestants and Catholics has increased over the course of the twentieth century and, if it has, whether the declining salience of religious boundaries has been

Marriage Patterns and the Stratification System: Trends in Educational Homogamy since the 1930s

To date most studies of social closure in the stratification orders of industrial societies have used as their empirical indicators one or another measure of father-to-son mobility. A complementary

A Contribution to the Debate on Homogamy, Propinquity, and Segregation.

This paper investigates the impact of the residential segregation of social status groups on the choice of marriage partner in Christchurch, New Zealand. It is suggested that homogamy and propinquity

Intermarriage Among Hispanic Ethnic Groups in New York City

Intermarriage provides an excellent indicator of assimilation and of the social distance separating ethnic groups. Using 1975 marriage records this report describes the intermarriage patterns of five

Class Structuration and Patterns of Social Closure in Australia and New Zealand

On the basis of patterns of intergenerational mobility and class endogamy in Australia and New Zealand, we develop models of exchange between the generations. Data on intergenerational change in

Status Homogamy in the United States

  • M. Kalmijn
  • Psychology
    American Journal of Sociology
  • 1991
According to classical works on social stratification, status homogamy can be regarded as an indicator of the "openness" of society. In contrast to previous approaches, this article treats marriage

Religious Identification and Marriage Patterns in Australia

This study analyzed religious marriage patterns among Australian couples. Results obtained by log-linear modeling techniques indicated that husbands and wives tend to choose conjugal partners with

Assortative Mating by Cultural and Economic Occupational Status

  • M. Kalmijn
  • Economics
    American Journal of Sociology
  • 1994
This study examines two micro-level hypotheses about status homogamy: (1) the cultural matching hypothesis (people prefer to marry someone of similar cultural status) and (2) the economic competition