Interleukin-16 Promotes Cardiac Fibrosis and Myocardial Stiffening in Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction


BACKGROUND Chronic heart failure (CHF) with preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (HFpEF) is observed in half of all patients with CHF and carries the same poor prognosis as CHF with reduced LV ejection fraction (HFrEF). In contrast to HFrEF, there is no established therapy for HFpEF. Chronic inflammation contributes to cardiac fibrosis, a… (More)
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0068893

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