Intergroup Threat and Outgroup Attitudes: A Meta-Analytic Review

  title={Intergroup Threat and Outgroup Attitudes: A Meta-Analytic Review},
  author={Blake M. Riek and Eric W. Mania and Samuel L. Gaertner},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Review},
  pages={336 - 353}
This article examines the relationship between intergroup threat and negative outgroup attitudes. We first qualitatively review the intergroup threat literature, describing the shift from competing theories toward more integrated approaches, such as the integrated threat theory (ITT; W. G. Stephan & Stephan, 2000). The types of threats discussed include: realistic threat, symbolic threat, intergroup anxiety, negative stereotypes, group esteem threat, and distinctiveness threat. We then… 

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