Intergenerational fitness effects of the early life environment in a wild rodent.

  title={Intergenerational fitness effects of the early life environment in a wild rodent.},
  author={Joannes Van Cann and Esa Koskela and Tapio Mappes and Angela M. Sims and Phillip C. Watts},
  journal={The Journal of animal ecology},
The early life environment can have profound, long-lasting effects on an individual's fitness. For example, early life quality might (a) positively associate with fitness (a silver spoon effect), (b) stimulate a predictive adaptive response (by adjusting the phenotype to the quality of the environment to maximize fitness) or (c) be obscured by subsequent plasticity. Potentially, the effects of the early life environment can persist beyond one generation, though the intergenerational plasticity… 

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