Intergenerational Effects of the Holocaust: Subjective Well-Being in the Offspring of Survivors

  title={Intergenerational Effects of the Holocaust: Subjective Well-Being in the Offspring of Survivors},
  author={Melissa K. Weinberg and Robert A. Cummins},
  journal={Journal of Intergenerational Relationships},
  pages={148 - 161}
Offspring of Holocaust survivors have been the subject of much research into how traumatic events affect future generations. This study considers the effects of the Holocaust on the well-being rather than trauma of offspring of Holocaust survivors in Australia. 285 Jewish participants completed a questionnaire to measure components of subjective well-being. Analyses revealed that offspring of Holocaust survivors reported lower general positive mood than non-OHS. This result was limited to… 
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The results suggest that intergenerational transmission of the Holocaust trauma includes heightened preoccupation with and sensitivity to potential threats of annihilation, and that the specific preoccupations of offspring of Holocaust survivors reflects a part of a more general preoccupiedation with surrounding threats.
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Psychopathology in children of Holocaust survivors: a review of the research literature.
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The present review of the research literature provides a summary of the findings of 35 comparative studies on the mental state of offspring of Holocaust survivors, published between 1973-1999, indicating rather conclusively that the non-clinical population of children ofocaust survivors does not show signs of more psychopathology than others do.
Attachment and traumatic stress in female holocaust child survivors and their daughters.
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Transgenerational effects of trauma in midlife: Evidence for resilience and vulnerability in offspring of Holocaust survivors.
OHS, and especially those with two survivor parents, reported a higher sense of well-being but more physical health problems than the comparison group, and possible explanations are provided for this mixed functional profile.
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The Shoah survivors’ grandchildren are similar to controls in affective temperament, hopelessness and self-perception, but they are more irritable and angry than controls, and their perception about others is deeply negative.
Are Children of Holocaust Survivors Less Well-Adapted? A Meta-Analytic Investigation of Secondary Traumatization
In the set of adequately designed nonclinical studies, no evidence for the influence of the parents' traumatic Holocaust experiences on their children was found and a stress-diathesis model is used to interpret the absence of secondary traumatization in nonclinical offspring of Holocaust survivors.
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The study suggests that long-term effects of the Holocaust on the survivors' SWB are traceable but require a differential approach to the study groups and to the facets of SWB.
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An integrative view is suggested that attempts to define the possible influence of biological predisposition, individual developmental history, family system and social situation on transgenerational influence of Holocaust trauma.
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Over the past three decades, since the publication of the first article (Rakoff, Sigal, and Epstein, 1966) suggesting the transmission of effects of the Holocaust traumata to the second generation,