To describe an intercostal (IC) approach to the right adrenal (RA) gland in dogs.
Cadaveric study and case series.
Dogs with right adrenal (RA) tumors (n = 11) and normal canine cadavers (6).
Cadavers had an IC (n = 3) or paracostal (3) approach to the RA. The relative spatial position of the RA to the incision… (More)