Intercostal approach for right adrenalectomy in dogs.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To describe an intercostal (IC) approach to the right adrenal (RA) gland in dogs. STUDY DESIGN Cadaveric study and case series. ANIMALS Dogs with right adrenal (RA) tumors (n = 11) and normal canine cadavers (6). METHODS Cadavers had an IC (n = 3) or paracostal (3) approach to the RA. The relative spatial position of the RA to the incision… (More)
DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-950X.2014.12105.x

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