Interceptions of Nonindigenous Plant Pests at US Ports of Entry and Border Crossings Over a 17-year Period

@article{McCullough2005InterceptionsON,
  title={Interceptions of Nonindigenous Plant Pests at US Ports of Entry and Border Crossings Over a 17-year Period},
  author={Deborah G. McCullough and Timothy T. Work and Joseph F. Cavey and Andrew M. Liebhold and David Marshall},
  journal={Biological Invasions},
  year={2005},
  volume={8},
  pages={611-630}
}
Despite the substantial impacts of nonindigenous plant pests and weeds, relatively little is known about the pathways by which these organisms arrive in the U.S. One source of such information is the Port Information Network (PIN) database, maintained by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) since 1984. The PIN database is comprised of records of pests intercepted by APHIS personnel during inspections of travelers’ baggage, cargo, conveyances and… 

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