In this study, the interaction between temperature and heavy metal stress was investigated in two wheat varieties (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Gerek-79 and Bolal-2973). Effects of different concentrations of lead and cadmium (0, 50, 100, 250, 500 mg l(-1)) simultaneously applied at various temperatures (8/4, 25/18, 35/26 degrees C day/night) to the seedlings were detected by measuring changes in the plant length, percentage of dry weight, chlorophyll (a, b, a/b), total soluble phenolics, and free proline. At the high cadmium concentrations, significant changes occurred in plant length and in the amounts of dry weight, chlorophyll, total soluble phenolics, and free proline. Significant differences were not observed in the parameters examined for the lead treatments. These data indicated that heavy metal toxicity increases in parallel with temperature. In addition, lead did not have any toxic effects on plants in sand-perlite mixture at 500 mg l(-1), whereas cadmium showed toxic effect even at such low concentrations as 50 mg l(-1).