Interactions of volatile organic compounds with syndiotactic polystyrene crystalline nanocavities.

Abstract

The interaction of some volatile organic compounds, namely, 1,2-dichloroethane, 1,2-dibromoethane, and 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane, included in the δ crystalline phase of syndiotactic polystyrene (sPS) has been studied in terms of conformation, orientation, and dynamical behavior. By combination of X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR), and solid-state (2)H NMR analyses, it has been shown that despite the differences in guest molecular properties (mass, boiling temperature, and volume), stable sPS/guest δ-clathrate cocrystals are formed since the nanoporous δ crystalline form has a flexible structure able to adapt itself to the guest molecule. As a consequence of inclusion, it has been shown that the guest diffusivity is strongly reduced and the dynamical processes are constrained, particularly when these guests are in trans conformation. This suggests the nanoporous sPS δ form to be an efficient tool for water and air purification through volatile organic compound absorption.

DOI: 10.1021/jp1090608

Cite this paper

@article{Albunia2011InteractionsOV, title={Interactions of volatile organic compounds with syndiotactic polystyrene crystalline nanocavities.}, author={Alexandra R Albunia and P. Oliva and Alfonso Grassi}, journal={The journal of physical chemistry. A}, year={2011}, volume={115 4}, pages={443-52} }