Interactions of aziridines with nickel complexes: oxidative-addition and reductive-elimination reactions that break and make C-N bonds.

Abstract

Reaction of the N-tosylaziridines (p-CH(3)C(6)H(4)SO(2))NCH(2)CHR (1a, R = H; 1b, R = Me; 1c, R = n-Bu; 1d, R = i-Pr) with (bpy)Ni(cod) (2; bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine; cod = 1,5-cyclooctadiene) or (bpy)NiEt(2) (3) results in elimination of cod or butane from 2 and 3, respectively, and oxidative addition of an aziridine C-N bond to give the azametallacyclobutane complexes (bpy)Ni(NTosCHRCH(2)) (4a, R = H; 4b, R = Me; 4c, R = n-Bu; 4d, R = i-Pr) as maroon solids in 50-70% isolated yields. The structure of 4b exhibits a puckered four-membered azametallacycle containing a pyramidal nitrogen and with Ni-N(1) = 1.911(5) A; the tosyl group on N and the methyl substituent on the adjacent C are disposed in an anti conformation. The monodeuterated aziridine syn-(p-CH(3)C(6)H(4)SO(2))NCHDCH-n-Bu (1e) reacts with either 2 or 3 to give (bpy)Ni[NTosCH(n-Bu)CHD] (4e) in 60-65% yield, having an anti arrangement of the methine and methylene protons in the azametallacycle, and indicates that >95% inversion of stereochemistry has occurred at the methylene carbon during the oxidative-addition reaction. When the azametallacyclobutane complexes 4a-e are exposed to oxygen, oxidatively induced reductive elimination ensues, giving the free aziridines in 30-60% isolated yields. In the oxidation of 4e, the product aziridine is spectroscopically identical to its parent, 1e, indicating the elimination that forms the C-N bond also proceeds with inversion of stereochemistry (approximately 92% by (1)H NMR) at the methylene carbon.

Cite this paper

@article{Lin2002InteractionsOA, title={Interactions of aziridines with nickel complexes: oxidative-addition and reductive-elimination reactions that break and make C-N bonds.}, author={Beatrice L Lin and Christopher R. Clough and Gregory L. Hillhouse}, journal={Journal of the American Chemical Society}, year={2002}, volume={124 12}, pages={2890-1} }