Interactions between hemoparasite status and female age in the primary reproductive output of pied flycatchers

Abstract

The relationship between hemoparasite infection (measured just after egg laying) and primary reproductive output (laying date, clutch size and egg volume) was studied in female pied flycatchers, Ficedula hypoleuca, of different ages (2 years old vs. 4 or more years old). The hemoparasite (Haemoproteus balmorali and Trypanosoma spp.) prevalence increased… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/s004420000530

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