Interaction of palytoxin and cardiac glycosides on erythrocyte membrane and (Na+ + K+) ATPase.

Palytoxin (PTX), at extremely low concentrations (0.01-1 nM), caused K+ release from rabbit erythrocytes. Among the various chemical compounds tested, cardiac glycosides potently inhibited the PTX-induced K+ release. The order of inhibitory potency (IC50) was cymarin (0.42 microM) greater than convallatoxin (0.9 microM) greater than ouabain (2.3 microM… (More)