Interaction of Bothrops jararaca venom metalloproteinases with protein inhibitors.

Abstract

Snake venom metalloproteinases (SVMPs) play important roles in the local and systemic hemorrhage observed upon envenomation. In a previous study on the structural elements important for the activities of HF3 (highly hemorrhagic, P-III-SVMP), bothropasin (hemorrhagic, P-III-SVMP) and BJ-PI (non-hemorrhagic, P-I-SVMP), from Bothrops jararaca, it was demonstrated that they differ in their proteolysis profile of plasma and extracellular matrix proteins. In this study, we evaluated the ability of proteins DM43 and α2-macroglobulin to interfere with the proteolytic activity of these SVMPs on fibrinogen and collagen VI and with their ability to induce hemorrhage. DM43 inhibited the proteolytic activity of bothropasin and BJ-PI but not that of HF3, and was not cleaved the three proteinases. On the other hand, α2-macroglobulin did not inhibit any of the proteinases and was rather cleaved by them. In agreement with these findings, binding analysis showed interaction of bothropasin and BJ-PI but not HF3 to DM43 while none of the proteinases bound to α2-macroglobulin. Moreover, DM43 promoted partial inhibition of the hemorrhagic activity of bothropasin but not that of HF3. Our results demonstrate that metalloproteinases of B. jararaca venom showing different domain composition, glycosylation level and hemorrhagic potency show variable susceptibilities to protein inhibitors.

DOI: 10.1016/j.toxicon.2014.01.001

Cite this paper

@article{Asega2014InteractionOB, title={Interaction of Bothrops jararaca venom metalloproteinases with protein inhibitors.}, author={Amanda Francine Asega and Ana Karina D. S. de Oliveira and Milene Cristina Menezes and Ana Gisele da Costa Neves-Ferreira and Solange M. T. Serrano}, journal={Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology}, year={2014}, volume={80}, pages={1-8} }