1. Permanently charged AZA analogs of chlorpromazine inhibited the binding of [3H]spiperone and antagonized the apomorphine-induced inhibition of the potassium evoked release of [3H]acetylcholine. 2. The AZA analogs were more potent in binding affinity and antagonist activity than the trimethylammonium analog of chlorpromazine but less potent than chlorpromazine. 3. These results suggest that it is possible to enhance the binding of the permanently charged trimethylammonium analog of chlorpromazine by the addition of a functional group near the quaternary nitrogen which is capable of forming a hydrogen bond with the D2 dopamine receptor. 4. However, it appears that for optimal binding, as achieved with chlorpromazine, the hydrogen-bonding proton should be on the charged nitrogen.