Interaction between maternal smoking and malnutrition in infant risk of gastroschisis.

@article{Lam2006InteractionBM,
  title={Interaction between maternal smoking and malnutrition in infant risk of gastroschisis.},
  author={Phung K Lam and Claudine P. Torfs},
  journal={Birth defects research. Part A, Clinical and molecular teratology},
  year={2006},
  volume={76 3},
  pages={
          182-6
        }
}
BACKGROUND Gastroschisis is a severe birth defect characterized by a tear in the infant's abdominal wall. Young mothers have the highest risk of having an infant with gastroschisis. In an animal model, the defect resulted from exposure of pregnant mice to carbon monoxide (CO) in combination with a low protein and low zinc diet. METHODS We evaluated this model in a study of 55 infants with gastroschisis and 94 age-matched controls that included maternal interview with a food frequency… CONTINUE READING

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