Inter-group violence among early Holocene hunter-gatherers of West Turkana, Kenya

  title={Inter-group violence among early Holocene hunter-gatherers of West Turkana, Kenya},
  author={Marta Miraz{\'o}n Lahr and Frances Rivera and Ronika K. Power and Aur{\'e}lie Mounier and B. Copsey and Federica Crivellaro and J. E. Edung and J. M. Maillo Fernandez and Christopher Kiarie and J. Lawrence and Alison Leakey and Emma N. Mbua and H. Miller and Anne W T Muigai and D. M. Mukhongo and Ann Van Baelen and Rachel Wood and J. L. Schwenninger and Rainer Gr{\"u}n and Hema Achyuthan and Alex Wilshaw and Robert A. Foley},
The nature of inter-group relations among prehistoric hunter-gatherers remains disputed, with arguments in favour and against the existence of warfare before the development of sedentary societies. Here we report on a case of inter-group violence towards a group of hunter-gatherers from Nataruk, west of Lake Turkana, which during the late Pleistocene/early Holocene period extended about 30 km beyond its present-day shore. Ten of the twelve articulated skeletons found at Nataruk show evidence of… 

Violence in the prehistoric period of Japan: the spatio-temporal pattern of skeletal evidence for violence in the Jomon period

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  • M. Smith
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  • R. C. Kelly
  • Psychology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2005
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