Inter-group violence among early Holocene hunter-gatherers of West Turkana, Kenya

@article{Lahr2016IntergroupVA,
  title={Inter-group violence among early Holocene hunter-gatherers of West Turkana, Kenya},
  author={Marta Miraz{\'o}n Lahr and Frances Rivera and Ronika K. Power and Aur{\'e}lie Mounier and B. Copsey and Federica Crivellaro and J. E. Edung and J. M. Maillo Fernandez and Christopher Kiarie and J. Lawrence and Alison Leakey and Emma N. Mbua and H. Miller and Anne W T Muigai and D. M. Mukhongo and Ann Van Baelen and Rachel Wood and J. L. Schwenninger and Rainer Gr{\"u}n and Hema Achyuthan and Alex Wilshaw and Robert A. Foley},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2016},
  volume={529},
  pages={394-398}
}
The nature of inter-group relations among prehistoric hunter-gatherers remains disputed, with arguments in favour and against the existence of warfare before the development of sedentary societies. Here we report on a case of inter-group violence towards a group of hunter-gatherers from Nataruk, west of Lake Turkana, which during the late Pleistocene/early Holocene period extended about 30 km beyond its present-day shore. Ten of the twelve articulated skeletons found at Nataruk show evidence of… 

Violence in the prehistoric period of Japan: the spatio-temporal pattern of skeletal evidence for violence in the Jomon period

The results suggest that the mortality due to violence was low and spatio-temporally highly restricted in the Jomon period, which implies that violence including warfare in prehistoric Japan was not common.

A massacre of early Neolithic farmers in the high Pyrenees at Els Trocs, Spain

Rather than representing an insurmountable evolutionary inheritance, violence and ethnic nepotism can be overcome and a sustainable future achieved through mutual respect, tolerance and openness to multi-ethnic societies.

Vanished Wars of Australia: the Archeological Invisibility of Aboriginal Collective Conflicts

In the debate concerning the existence of collective armed conflict before the advent of agriculture and the emergence of wealth differentiation, Australia—a continent entirely occupied by economic

New insights on interpersonal violence in the Late Pleistocene based on the Nile valley cemetery of Jebel Sahaba

The hypothesis that Jebel Sahaba reflects a single warfare event is dismissed, with the new data supporting sporadic and recurrent episodes of inter-personal violence, probably triggered by major climatic and environmental changes.

Patterns of Collective Violence in the Early Neolithic of Central Europe

In Central Europe, the Early Neolithic Linearbandkeramik (LBK) is the first archaeological culture that left behind a significant number of standardised grave features. These are mostly individual

Pacifying Hunter-Gatherers

Although war is a primitive trait the authors may share with chimpanzees and/or their last common ancestor, the ability of hunter-gatherer bands to live peaceably with their neighbors, even though war may occur, is a derived trait that fundamentally distinguishes us socially and politically from chimpanzee societies.

The prehistory of violence and war: Moving beyond the Hobbes–Rousseau quagmire

This article presents and critically assesses the latest anthropological and archaeological research on the chronology, lethality, and frequency of violence and war in human history. Stepping back

Violence in hunters, fishermen, and gatherers of the Chinchorro culture: Archaic societies of the Atacama Desert (10,000-4,000 cal yr BP).

The data suggest that violence was constant across the Archaic period among the Chinchorro, implying that violent behavior was part of the sociocultural repertory of these populations, likely associated to mechanisms to resolve conflicts and social tensions.

When Elites Wage War: Violence and Social Coercion Along the Chaco Meridian

Chaco Canyon, Aztec Ruins, and Paquime represent large, complex, and some suggest sequential sites in the prehistoric Greater Southwest. Chaco Canyon and Paquime, in particular, were both
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 98 REFERENCES

Troubled Times : Violence and Warfare in the Past

1. Violence Against Women: Raiding and Abduction in Prehistoric Michigan 2. Violence in the Ethnographic Record Patterns of Violence in Prehistoric Hunter-Gatherer Societies of Coastal Southern

Alliance and conflict : the world system of the Iñupiaq Eskimos

Alliance and Conflict combines a richly descriptive study of intersocietal relations in early nineteenth-century Northwest Alaska with a bold theoretical treatise on the structure of the world system

Beyond palisades: The nature and frequency of late prehistoric deliberate violent trauma in the Chickamauga reservoir of east Tennessee.

  • M. Smith
  • Sociology, Medicine
    American journal of physical anthropology
  • 2003
Eight sites from the Chickamauga Reservoir of east Tennessee were examined for skeletal evidence of deliberate violent trauma and small, round, nonlethal ectocranial blunt-force trauma on the frontal and upper parietal bones suggested intragroup violence, but not face-to-face ritual contests.

Did Warfare Among Ancestral Hunter-Gatherers Affect the Evolution of Human Social Behaviors?

A model of the evolutionary impact of between-group competition and a new data set that combines archaeological evidence on causes of death during the Late Pleistocene and early Holocene with ethnographic and historical reports on hunter-gatherer populations finds that the estimated level of mortality in intergroup conflicts would have had substantial effects, allowing the proliferation of group-beneficial behaviors that were quite costly to the individual altruist.

Lake Turkana Archaeology: The Holocene

Pioneering research in the Holocene archaeology of Lake Turkana con- tributed significantly to the development of broader issues in the prehistory of Africa, including the aquatic civilization model

Intergroup Aggression in Chimpanzees and War in Nomadic Hunter-Gatherers

The hypothesis that intergroup aggression evolved according to the same functional principles in the two species—selection favoring a tendency to kill members of neighboring groups when killing could be carried out safely is evaluated.

INTERGROUP RELATIONS IN CHIMPANZEES

Data from the five long-term sites with neighboring groups show that intergroup aggression is a pervasive feature of chimpanzee societies, including sites where artificial feeding never took place.

The evolution of lethal intergroup violence

  • R. C. Kelly
  • Psychology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2005
This work seeks to identify and investigate the main turning points in this evolutionary trajectory and to delineate the periodization that follows from this inquiry.

Lethal Aggression in Mobile Forager Bands and Implications for the Origins of War

Investigating lethal aggression in a sample of 21 mobile forager band societies derived systematically from the standard cross-cultural sample suggests that most incidents of lethal aggression among MFBS may be classified as homicides, a few others as feuds, and a minority as war.

Beyond War: The Human Potential for Peace

FOREWORD BY ROBERT M. SAPOLSKY PREFACE ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 1. - Charting a New Direction 2. - Do Nonwarring Societies Actually Exist? 3. Overlooked and Underappreciated: The Human Potential for Peace 4.
...