Intentional behaviour in dog-human communication: an experimental analysis of “showing” behaviour in the dog

@article{Miklsi2000IntentionalBI,
  title={Intentional behaviour in dog-human communication: an experimental analysis of “showing” behaviour in the dog},
  author={{\'A}. Mikl{\'o}si and R. Polg{\'a}rdi and J{\'o}zsef Top{\'a}l and Vilmos Cs{\'a}nyi},
  journal={Animal Cognition},
  year={2000},
  volume={3},
  pages={159-166}
}
Abstract Despite earlier scepticism there is now evidence for simple forms of intentional and functionally referential communication in many animal species. Here we investigate whether dogs engage in functional referential communication with their owners. “Showing” is defined as a communicative action consisting of both a directional component related to an external target and an attention-getting component that directs the attention of the perceiver to the informer or sender. In our… 

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