Intentional Fire-Spreading by “Firehawk” Raptors in Northern Australia

  title={Intentional Fire-Spreading by “Firehawk” Raptors in Northern Australia},
  author={Mark Bonta and Robert Gosford and Dick Eussen and Nathan Ferguson and Erana Loveless and Maxwell Witwer},
  journal={Journal of Ethnobiology},
  pages={700 - 718}
We document Indigenous Ecological Knowledge and non-Indigenous observations of intentional fire-spreading by the fire-foraging raptors Black Kite (Milvus migrans), Whistling Kite (Haliastur sphenurus), and Brown Falcon (Falco berigora) in tropical Australian savannas. Observers report both solo and cooperative attempts, often successful, to spread wildfires intentionally via single-occasion or repeated transport of burning sticks in talons or beaks. This behavior, often represented in sacred… 

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