Conformal mapping of carotid vessel wall and plaque thickness measured from 3D ultrasound images
Patients at high risk of vascular events can reduce their risk by 75% to 80% through a combination of lifestyle changes and medical therapy. These include smoking cessation, a Mediterranean diet, daily exercise, maintaining a fit weight, moderate consumption of alcohol, effective control of blood pressure and diabetes, intensive treatment with lipid-lowering drugs and antiplatelet agents, and perhaps treatment with vitamins to lower homocysteine. Much of this is achieved primarily by the patient; physicians need to become better at assisting their patients in making lifestyle changes. Effective control of treatment-resistant hypertension can be improved by individualizing medical therapy to the underlying cause, based on measurement of plasma renin and aldosterone. Measurement of carotid plaque may be useful by providing feedback on the success of therapy.