Intensification of the meridional temperature gradient in the Great Barrier Reef following the Last Glacial Maximum

Abstract

Tropical south-western Pacific temperatures are of vital importance to the Great Barrier Reef (GBR), but the role of sea surface temperatures (SSTs) in the growth of the GBR since the Last Glacial Maximum remains largely unknown. Here we present records of Sr/Ca and δ(18)O for Last Glacial Maximum and deglacial corals that show a considerably steeper meridional SST gradient than the present day in the central GBR. We find a 1-2 °C larger temperature decrease between 17° and 20°S about 20,000 to 13,000 years ago. The result is best explained by the northward expansion of cooler subtropical waters due to a weakening of the South Pacific gyre and East Australian Current. Our findings indicate that the GBR experienced substantial meridional temperature change during the last deglaciation, and serve to explain anomalous deglacial drying of northeastern Australia. Overall, the GBR developed through significant SST change and may be more resilient than previously thought.

DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5102

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@inproceedings{Felis2014IntensificationOT, title={Intensification of the meridional temperature gradient in the Great Barrier Reef following the Last Glacial Maximum}, author={Thomas Felis and helen v. mCGreGor and Braddock K. Linsley and Alexander W. Tudhope and Michael K. Gagan and Atsushi Suzuki and Mayuri Inoue and Alexander L. Thomas and Tezer M. Esat and William G. Thompson and Manish Tiwari and Donald C Potts and Manfred Mudelsee and Yusuke Yokoyama and Jody M. Webster}, booktitle={Nature communications}, year={2014} }