Intelligent PID Control for USM Using PSO in Real-Time Environment


In this paper, an intelligent PID controller is proposed for ultrasonic motor (USM) in real-time environment. To overcome the problems of characteristic variation and non-linearity, an intelligent PID controller using neural network (NN) combined with particle swarm optimization (PSO) is studied. In the proposed method, an NN controller is designed for… (More)

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