Intelligence without Representation

@article{Brooks1991IntelligenceWR,
  title={Intelligence without Representation},
  author={Rodney A. Brooks},
  journal={Artif. Intell.},
  year={1991},
  volume={47},
  pages={139-159}
}
  • R. Brooks
  • Published 1 February 1991
  • Computer Science
  • Artif. Intell.

Figures from this paper

Intelligence without Representation: A Historical Perspective
TLDR
A historical analysis of Rodney Brooks’ behaviour-based robotics approach and its impact on artificial intelligence and cognitive theory at the time, as well as on modern-day approaches to AI.
Machine intelligence
TLDR
Examining the ways intelligence is seen and enacted gives rise to a very different way of thinking about the intersection between human and machine, and thus promotes some radically new types of interactions with computing machines.
Symbols, patterns, and behavior: towards a new understanding of intelligence
TLDR
It will be discussed to what extent connectionist models solve the problems of classical AI and it will be argued that, although they do solve some of them, they are not sufficient to answer the fundamental problems.
Intelligence without Robots : A Reply to
TLDR
Real-world software environments, such as operating systems or databases, are proposed as a complementary substrate for intelligent-agent research and the relative advantages of software environments as test beds for AI are considered.
Perception and action in a dynamic three-dimensional world
TLDR
The principal research contributions of this work will be the application of visual routines to three-dimensional environments, the introduction of spatial memory to deictic representations, and architectural techniques for building autonomous agents which support these concepts.
Foundations of a Philosophy of Collective Intelligence
TLDR
This work summarizes the differences between the Cartesian assumptions of classical artificial intelligence and the neo-Heideggerian embodied cognitive science, and reconsider the notions of autopoiesis, the individual body and embodiment itself in light of collective intelligence.
Modularity and Specialized Learning: Reexamining Behavior-Based Artificial Intelligence
TLDR
This paper begins by examining why behavior-based artificial intelligence, a well-known modular theory of intelligent design, has not so-far been used systematically to support such an approach, and describes a new design methodology, behavior-oriented design (BOD), which does.
Intelligence without Robots: A Reply to Brooks
TLDR
This article proposes real-world software environments, such as operating systems or databases, as a complementary substrate for intelligent-agent research and considers the relative advantages of software environments as test beds for AI.
Intelligence Without Reason
TLDR
It is claimed that the state of computer architecture has been a strong influence on models of thought in Artificial Intelligence over the last thirty years.
The role of memory and concepts in learning
TLDR
This paper recounts experiments with Hoyle, a system in a cerebral, rather than a physical, domain, that learns to perform well and quickly, often outpacing its human creators at two-person, perfect information board games.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 15 REFERENCES
Shakey the Robot
Abstract : From 1960 through 1972, the Artificial Intelligence Center at SRI conducted research on a mobile robot system nicknamed "Shakey." Endowed with a limited ability to perceive and model its
Computers and Thought
Computers and Thought showcases the work of the scientists who not only defined the field of Artificial Intelligence, but who are responsible for having developed it into what it is today. Originally
The Sciences of the Artificial
Continuing his exploration of the organization of complexity and the science of design, this new edition of Herbert Simon's classic work on artificial intelligence adds a chapter that sorts out the
A robust layered control system for a mobile robot
  • R. Brooks
  • Computer Science
    IEEE J. Robotics Autom.
  • 1986
TLDR
A new architecture for controlling mobile robots is described, building a robust and flexible robot control system that has been used to control a mobile robot wandering around unconstrained laboratory areas and computer machine rooms.
A hardware retargetable distributed layered architecture for mobile robot control
  • R. Brooks
  • Computer Science
    Proceedings. 1987 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation
  • 1987
TLDR
The MIT mobile robot project has adopted a layered approach to building robust control systems for autonomous mobile robots, which is operational on three completely different types of hardware and is now working on a fourth, by way of a special purpose silicon compiler for it.
Asynchronous Distributed Control System For A Mobile Robot
TLDR
The subsumption architecture, a design methodology for multiprocessor control systems based on a new decomposition of problems into task-achieving behaviors, is described and demonstrated by showing how two different control systems can be built on top of the same set of core behaviors.
In semantic information processing
TLDR
For some reasons, this semantic information processing tends to be the representative book in this website.
Memory Constraints and Flower Choice in Pieris rapae
TLDR
In laboratory tests, Pieris rapae, the cabbage butterfly, showed flower constancy by continuing to visit flower species with which it had experience, and the time required by individuals to find the source of nectar in flowers decreased with successive attempts, the performance following a learning curve.
Mycin: computer-based medical consultations
...
...