Intelligence of very preterm or very low birthweight infants in young adulthood

@article{WeisglasKuperus2008IntelligenceOV,
  title={Intelligence of very preterm or very low birthweight infants in young adulthood},
  author={Nynke Weisglas‐Kuperus and Elys{\'e}e T.M. Hille and Hugo Joseph Duivenvoorden and Martijn J J Finken and Jan M. Wit and Stef van Buuren and J B van Goudoever and S. Pauline Verloove-vanhorick},
  journal={Archives of Disease in Childhood Fetal and Neonatal Edition},
  year={2008},
  volume={94},
  pages={F196 - F200}
}
Objective: To examine the effect of intrauterine and neonatal growth, prematurity and personal and environmental risk factors on intelligence in adulthood in survivors of the early neonatal intensive care era. Methods: A large geographically based cohort comprised 94% of all babies born alive in the Netherlands in 1983 with a gestational age below 32 weeks and/or a birth weight >1500 g (POPS study). Intelligence was assessed in 596 participants at 19 years of age. Intrauterine and neonatal… 

Neurocognitive abilities in young adults with very low birth weight

Poorer neurocognitive performance is associated with VLBW irrespective of the intrauterine growth pattern, and this results indicates that adults born with very low birth weight (VLBW) differ in a range of neuroc cognitive abilities and academic performance from adults born at term and not SGA.

Infant Growth after Preterm Birth and Mental Health in Young Adulthood

Despite the high variability in early growth of VLBW infants, the previously described association between slow growth in infancy and poorer cognitive functioning in later life is not reflected in symptoms of depression, ADHD, and other psychiatric problems.

Psychosocial and Developmental Outcomes of Children Born following Intrauterine Growth Restriction: An Australian Pilot Study

This pilot study supports the need for further prenatal and postnatal research that examines the psychosocial trajectory of children born following IUGR, and suggests that developmental concerns, older maternal age and lower birth weight were observed compared to children without apparent problems.

Psychosocial and Developmental Outcomes of Children Born following Intrauterine Growth Restriction: An Australian Pilot Study

This pilot study supports the need for further prenatal and postnatal research that examines the psychosocial trajectory of children born following IUGR, and suggests that older maternal age and lower birth weight were observed among children with developmental concerns were observed compared to children without apparent problems.

Psychosocial and Developmental Outcomes of Children Born following Intrauterine Growth Restriction: An Australian Pilot Study

This pilot study supports the need for further prenatal and postnatal research that examines the psychosocial trajectory of children born following IUGR and finds that older maternal age and lower birth weight were observed compared to children without apparent problems.

Growth after late-preterm birth and adult cognitive, academic, and mental health outcomes

Faster growth during the critical early period after late-preterm birth is associated with better adult neurocognitive functioning, but not consistently with mental health outcomes.

Preterm Birth, Social Disadvantage, and Cognitive Competence in Swedish 18- to 19-Year-Old Men

This study confirms previous claims of an incremental association of cognitive competence with GA and modified this effect at all levels of preterm birth.

Exposure to placental insufficiency alters postnatal growth trajectory in extremely low birth weight infants

It is demonstrated for the first time that placental insufficiency, an antenatal factor, is a major determinant of postnatal weight trajectory in the ELBW population.

Two-year neurodevelopmental outcome of preterm born children ≤750 g at birth

Increased survival of infants with a birth weight ≤750 g coincided with more children with an impaired NDO at 2 years corrected age, and SGA infants are especially at risk of impaired N DO.
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References

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Educational disadvantage associated with very low birth weight persists into early adulthood, and differences persisted when comparisons were restricted to the participants without neurosensory impairment.

Outcomes in young adulthood for very-low-birth-weight infants.

Educational disadvantage associated with very low birth weight persists into early adulthood, and differences persisted when comparisons were restricted to the participants without neurosensory impairment.

Effects of gestation and birth weight on the growth and development of very low birthweight small for gestational age infants: a matched group comparison

Being underweight and with a short gestation leads to poor weight gain and head growth in infancy but does not result in poorer growth than in infants of the same birth weight but shorter gestation (AGA-BW) in the long term.

Effects of biological and social factors on the cognitive development of very low birth weight children.

Children at high biological risk were able to catch up on their cognitive delay in a highly stimulating home environment and children at low as well as low biological risk in a less stimulating home environments showed a decline in cognitive development.

Risks for Low Intellectual Performance Related to Being Born Small for Gestational Age Are Modified by Gestational Age

During early stages of gestation, growth in length and head circumference may be more important for intellectual development than weight increase, and future studies on size at birth and intellectual performance should consider also including anthropometric measurements other than birth weight.

Risks for Low Intellectual Performance Related to Being Born Small for Gestational Age Are Modified by Gestational Age

During early stages of gestation, growth in length and head circumference may be more important for intellectual development than weight increase, and future studies on size at birth and intellectual performance should consider also including anthropometric measurements other than birth weight.

Functional Outcomes and Participation in Young Adulthood for Very Preterm and Very Low Birth Weight Infants: The Dutch Project on Preterm and Small for Gestational Age Infants at 19 Years of Age

Compared with the general Dutch population, twice as many young adults who were born very preterm and/or with a very low birth weight were poorly educated, and 3 times as many were neither employed nor in school at age 19.

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CONTEXT Although studies have documented cognitive impairment in children who were born small for gestational age (SGA), other studies have not demonstrated differences in IQ or other cognitive

Perinatal and postnatal factors in very preterm infants and subsequent cognitive and motor abilities

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    Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition
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Cognitive ability in children born preterm is significantly related to gestation, but may also be related to the effects of PDA on early brain development, through either periventricular haemorrhage/ventriculomegaly or other disturbance of early brain growth.
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