Intelligence of very preterm or very low birthweight infants in young adulthood

@article{WeisglasKuperus2008IntelligenceOV,
  title={Intelligence of very preterm or very low birthweight infants in young adulthood},
  author={N. Weisglas‐Kuperus and E. Hille and H. Duivenvoorden and M. Finken and J. Wit and S. van Buuren and J. V. van Goudoever and S. Verloove‐Vanhorick},
  journal={Archives of Disease in Childhood Fetal and Neonatal Edition},
  year={2008},
  volume={94},
  pages={F196 - F200}
}
Objective: To examine the effect of intrauterine and neonatal growth, prematurity and personal and environmental risk factors on intelligence in adulthood in survivors of the early neonatal intensive care era. Methods: A large geographically based cohort comprised 94% of all babies born alive in the Netherlands in 1983 with a gestational age below 32 weeks and/or a birth weight >1500 g (POPS study). Intelligence was assessed in 596 participants at 19 years of age. Intrauterine and neonatal… Expand
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Psychosocial and Developmental Outcomes of Children Born following Intrauterine Growth Restriction: An Australian Pilot Study
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is associated with a negative effect on the growth and neurodevelopment of newborn babies, with substantial perinatal mortality and morbidity. Relatively lessExpand
Psychosocial and Developmental Outcomes of Children Born following Intrauterine Growth Restriction: An Australian Pilot Study
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is associated with a negative effect on the growth and neurodevelopment of newborn babies, with substantial perinatal mortality and morbidity. Relatively lessExpand
Growth after late-preterm birth and adult cognitive, academic, and mental health outcomes
TLDR
Faster growth during the critical early period after late-preterm birth is associated with better adult neurocognitive functioning, but not consistently with mental health outcomes. Expand
Preterm Birth, Social Disadvantage, and Cognitive Competence in Swedish 18- to 19-Year-Old Men
TLDR
This study confirms previous claims of an incremental association of cognitive competence with GA and modified this effect at all levels of preterm birth. Expand
Exposure to placental insufficiency alters postnatal growth trajectory in extremely low birth weight infants
TLDR
It is demonstrated for the first time that placental insufficiency, an antenatal factor, is a major determinant of postnatal weight trajectory in the ELBW population. Expand
Low birth weight and intelligence in adolescence and early adulthood: a meta-analysis.
TLDR
Cognitive impairments associated with LBW persist into adolescence and early adulthood; however, the influence of LBW on IQ decreases from childhood to young adulthood, and the effect size decreased from childhood into young adulthood. Expand
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Educational disadvantage associated with very low birth weight persists into early adulthood, and differences persisted when comparisons were restricted to the participants without neurosensory impairment. Expand
Outcomes in Young Adulthood for Very-Low-Birth-Weight Infants
TLDR
A cohort of 242 survivors among very-low-birth-weight infants born between 1977 and 1979 is compared with controls from the same population in Cleveland who had normal birth weights to assess the level of education, cognitive and academic achievement, and rates of chronic illness and risk-taking behavior at 20 years of age. Expand
Effects of gestation and birth weight on the growth and development of very low birthweight small for gestational age infants: a matched group comparison
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Being underweight and with a short gestation leads to poor weight gain and head growth in infancy but does not result in poorer growth than in infants of the same birth weight but shorter gestation (AGA-BW) in the long term. Expand
Effects of biological and social factors on the cognitive development of very low birth weight children.
TLDR
Children at high biological risk were able to catch up on their cognitive delay in a highly stimulating home environment and children at low as well as low biological risk in a less stimulating home environments showed a decline in cognitive development. Expand
Risks for Low Intellectual Performance Related to Being Born Small for Gestational Age Are Modified by Gestational Age
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During early stages of gestation, growth in length and head circumference may be more important for intellectual development than weight increase, and future studies on size at birth and intellectual performance should consider also including anthropometric measurements other than birth weight. Expand
Risks for Low Intellectual Performance Related to Being Born Small for Gestational Age Are Modified by Gestational Age
TLDR
During early stages of gestation, growth in length and head circumference may be more important for intellectual development than weight increase, and future studies on size at birth and intellectual performance should consider also including anthropometric measurements other than birth weight. Expand
Functional Outcomes and Participation in Young Adulthood for Very Preterm and Very Low Birth Weight Infants: The Dutch Project on Preterm and Small for Gestational Age Infants at 19 Years of Age
TLDR
Compared with the general Dutch population, twice as many young adults who were born very preterm and/or with a very low birth weight were poorly educated, and 3 times as many were neither employed nor in school at age 19. Expand
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TLDR
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Adult functional outcome of those born small for gestational age: twenty-six-year follow-up of the 1970 British Birth Cohort.
CONTEXT Although studies have documented cognitive impairment in children who were born small for gestational age (SGA), other studies have not demonstrated differences in IQ or other cognitiveExpand
Perinatal and postnatal factors in very preterm infants and subsequent cognitive and motor abilities
  • R. Cooke
  • Medicine
  • Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition
  • 2004
TLDR
Cognitive ability in children born preterm is significantly related to gestation, but may also be related to the effects of PDA on early brain development, through either periventricular haemorrhage/ventriculomegaly or other disturbance of early brain growth. Expand
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