Intelligence Failure and Need for Cognitive Closure: On the Psychology of the Yom Kippur Surprise

@article{BarJoseph2003IntelligenceFA,
  title={Intelligence Failure and Need for Cognitive Closure: On the Psychology of the Yom Kippur Surprise},
  author={Uri Bar-Joseph and A. Kruglanski},
  journal={Political Psychology},
  year={2003},
  volume={24},
  pages={75-99}
}
This paper uses newly available evidence to shed light on the circumstances and causes of the 6 October 1973 Yom Kippur surprise attack of Egyptian and Syrian forces on Israeli positions at the Suez Canal and the Golan Heights. The evidence suggests that an important circumstance that accounts for the surprise effect these actions managed to produce, despite ample warning signs, is traceable to a high need for cognitive closure among major figures in the Israeli intelligence establishment. Such… Expand
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