Intelligence, Callous-Unemotional Traits, and Antisocial Behavior

@article{Loney1998IntelligenceCT,
  title={Intelligence, Callous-Unemotional Traits, and Antisocial Behavior},
  author={B. Loney and P. Frick and Mesha L. Ellis and M. McCoy},
  journal={Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment},
  year={1998},
  volume={20},
  pages={231-247}
}
Research has consistently shown that children with severe conduct problems often exhibit intellectual deficits, especially in their verbal abilities. We investigated whether or not this finding only applies to certain subgroups of children with severe conduct problems. In a sample of 117 clinic-referred children between the ages of 6 and 13, we assessed for Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) and Conduct Disorder (CD) symptoms using a structured diagnostic interview with each child's parent and… Expand
The importance of callous-unemotional traits for extending the concept of psychopathy to children.
TLDR
This study focused on the use of callous-unemotional (CU) traits to identify a subgroup of children with both attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and a conduct problem diagnosis who show characteristics similar to adults with psychopathy. Expand
Emotional processing in children with conduct problems and callous/unemotional traits.
TLDR
It was demonstrated that it was the combination of CP and a high number of CU traits that differentiated emotional attributions, and youth with CU traits had more difficulty in identifying sad facial expressions. Expand
Callous-unemotional traits and developmental pathways to severe conduct problems.
One method for defining pathways through which children develop severe conduct problems is based on the presence or absence of callous-unemotional (CU) traits. This study investigated potentialExpand
Cognitive Ability and Psychopathic Traits: Independent and Interactive Associations with Youth Conduct Problems
TLDR
Preliminary data persuasively suggest that early narcissism is a critical facet of psychopathy and in conjunction with IQ, may suggest a unique profile associated with emergent conduct problems. Expand
Heartless and cunning? Intelligence in adolescents with antisocial behavior and psychopathic traits
TLDR
Results contradict the widely held view that psychopathic traits are associated with better than average verbal or nonverbal intelligence. Expand
Callous-Unemotional Traits and Subtypes of Conduct Disorder
TLDR
This paper focuses on two recent approaches that have great potential for integrating past subtyping approaches and for advancing causal theory, and to designate children within the childhood-onset group who show callous and unemotional traits, analogous to adult conceptualizations of psychopathy. Expand
Callous–Unemotional Traits in Predicting the Severity and Stability of Conduct Problems and Delinquency
The current study tests whether the presence of callous–unemotional (CU) traits designates a group of children with conduct problems who show an especially severe and chronic pattern of conductExpand
Predicting the Stability of Conduct Problems in Children with and Without Callous-Unemotional Traits
We tested predictors of persistence in conduct problems for children with and without callous-unemotional (CU) traits. Participants were 79 children of an original 98 children recruited from aExpand
Narcissism and Callous-Unemotional Traits Prospectively Predict Child Conduct Problems
  • Kristen L Jezior, Meghan E McKenzie, Steve S. Lee
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology : the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53
  • 2016
TLDR
Preliminary findings suggest that individual differences in narcissism and CU traits, even relatively early in development, are uniquely associated with emergent CP. Expand
Dimensions of Psychopathy and their Relationships to Cognitive Functioning in Children
  • Nathalie M G Fontaine, E. Barker, R. Salekin, E. Viding
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology : the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53
  • 2008
TLDR
Findings indicated a positive relationship between narcissism and both verbal and nonverbal abilities, even after accounting for conduct problems and hyperactivity, and interactions between gender and the dimensions of psychopathy. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 42 REFERENCES
Psychopathy and conduct problems in children: II. Implications for subtyping children with conduct problems.
TLDR
The presence of callous and unemotional traits with significant conduct problems seems to designate a unique subgroup of antisocial children who show a very severe pattern of antissocial behavior and who correspond more closely to adult conceptualizations of psychopathy. Expand
Psychopathy and conduct problems in children.
TLDR
Factor analysis of a measure of psychopathy was conducted in a sample of 95 clinic-referred children, suggesting that psychopathic personality features and conduct problems are independent, yet interacting, constructs in children, analogous to findings in the adult literature. Expand
Callous-Unemotional Traits and Conduct Problems: Applying the Two-Factor Model of Psychopathy to Children
The concept of psychopathy has a long and prominent history in clinical psychology. Clinical reports spanning several decades describe the psychopathic personality as being characterized byExpand
Pattern analysis of Wechsler Intelligence Scale for children-revised profiles of delinquent boys.
TLDR
An analysis of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised (WISC-R), utilizing Lutey's model of Factor Analytic measures, was performed on 82 profiles obtained from male subjects in a Wisconsin correctional facility, showing clusters that measure perceptual and psychomotor abilities yielded high scores. Expand
Neuropsychological differentiation of psychopathic and nonpsychopathic criminal offenders.
Abstract A battery of neuropsychological measures was administered to 69 right-handed incarcerated male offenders to test the hypothesis that psychopaths would perform more poorly than nonpsychopathsExpand
The neuropsychology of conduct disorder.
This article reviews evidence from neuropsychological tests that brain dysfunction is a correlate of conduct disorder. Most studies report consistent findings of differential neuropsychologicalExpand
Issues of taxonomy and comorbidity in the development of conduct disorder
A developmental approach to the classification of antisocial behavior is necessary for two reasons. First, although the continuity of antisocial behavior is strong for many individuals, theExpand
DSM-IV field trials for oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder in children and adolescents.
TLDR
DSM-IV definitions of oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder are somewhat better than DSM-III-R definitions in terms of internal consistency and test-retest agreement, and the validity of the DSM-IV definition of oppositionally defiant disorder is slightly better than that of DSM- III-R. Expand
Family law issues in family therapy practice: Early intelligence scores and subsequent delinquency: A Prospective study
Abstract Most early studies found that delinquents obtained lower IQ scores than nondelinquent controls. A criticism of early findings related to sample selection subsequent to identification asExpand
The neuropsychological status of adolescent delinquent boys.
The neuropsychological status and neuromotor performance of adolescent boys from lower middle class social environments who were detained as juvenile delinquents were compared to those ofExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...