Intellectual Human Capital and the Emergence of Biotechnology: Trends and Patterns, 1974–2006

@article{Hess2012IntellectualHC,
  title={Intellectual Human Capital and the Emergence of Biotechnology: Trends and Patterns, 1974–2006},
  author={Andrew Hess and Frank T. Rothaermel},
  journal={IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management},
  year={2012},
  volume={59},
  pages={65-76}
}
We present an analysis of the trends and patterns documenting the role of intellectual human capital in the emergence of knowledge within both new biotech ventures and incumbent pharmaceutical firms. We leverage individual-level data detailing the publication and citation records for more than 284 000 scientists employed by biotech and pharma firms between 1974 and 2006. During this 33-year time period, these scientists published nearly 1.2 million academic papers that were cited 16.8 million… CONTINUE READING