Intel Microprocessors–8008 to 8086

  title={Intel Microprocessors\&\#8211;8008 to 8086},
  author={Stephen P. Morse and Bruce W. Ravenel and Stanley Mazor and William B. Pohlman},
A mere six years of microprocessor evolution have yielded a three-orders-of-magnitude performance improvement. 
Microprocessors—The first twelve years
Four generations of microprocessors are considered in detail, along with case studies of popular chip families, and overall industry trends are presented.
Intel 8080 CPU Chip Development
  • S. Mazor
  • Art, Computer Science
    IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
  • 2007
The author describes the development of the 8080 chip that helped launch the personal computer industry and addresses two common complaints about the 80 80's architecture - its lack of register symmetry and the absence of an index register.
Application of microprocessors
The author reviews developments in microprocessors and microprocessor applications and explains the basic structure of a microcomputer.
The anatomy of a portable computer
The Radio Shack TRS-80 Model 100 Portable Computer combines easy-to-use software with an efficient hardware architecture to bring a high level of programming power to the microcomputer user. This
NDX-100: An Electronic Filing Machine for the Office of the Future
This distributed microprocessor-based filing system will not only replace those familiar grey cabinets—it will be part of the advanced communications system of the office of the future.
The history of the microcomputer-invention and evolution
Two "microcomputers" 10 years ahead of "schedule" are developed by scaling down the requirements and using a few other "tricks" described in this paper.
Decisive Aspects in the Evolution of Microprocessors
  • H. Falk
  • Computer Science
    Proc. IEEE
  • 2004
It is shown that designers increased the throughput of the microarchitecture at the instruction level basically by the subsequent introduction of temporal, issue and intra-instruction parallelism in such a way that exploiting parallelism along one dimension gave rise to the introduction of Parallelism along another dimension.
Intel's 8086
  • S. Mazor
  • Computer Science
    IEEE Ann. Hist. Comput.
  • 2010
Intel advertised its new CPU chip for PC and laptop computers in 1993 as the Intel Pentium processor. This chip was the fifth generation (586) evolved from the original 8086 chip, developed in 1976.


The Intel 8086 Microprocessor: a 16-bit Evolution of the 8080
The architecture and instruction set of this new 16-bit microprocessor were designed to meet the requirements of a broad spectrum of new microprocessor applications.
An N-channel 8-bit single chip microprocessor
This paper will describe a chip employing 5000 components, discuss a 90% reduction in execution time compared to PMOS designs, and also compare circuit features with existing P-channel approaches.
Silicon-gate technology
Recent progress with silicon-gate technology is reviewed and its application to the construction of complex digital functions as illustrated by a memory circuit is shown.