Integrator Windup and How to Avoid It


This paper describes the phenomenon of integrator windup and various ways of avoiding it. It first covers a number of ad hoc schemes. A general procedure to avoid windup which admits a unification of the ideas is given and the results are illustrated on a number of examples. 


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@article{Astrom1989IntegratorWA, title={Integrator Windup and How to Avoid It}, author={Karl Johan Astrom and Lars Rundqwist}, journal={1989 American Control Conference}, year={1989}, pages={1693-1698} }