Integrative neuroimmunology of the digestive tract.

@article{Thodorou1996IntegrativeNO,
  title={Integrative neuroimmunology of the digestive tract.},
  author={Vassilia Th{\'e}odorou and Jean Fioramonti and Lionel Bu{\'e}no},
  journal={Veterinary research},
  year={1996},
  volume={27 4-5},
  pages={
          427-42
        }
}
The epithelium of the gastrointestinal tract is continuously exposed to the external environment containing food antigens, microbes and other pathogens. Immunologic and nonimmunologic mechanisms contribute to the neutralization and elimination of these foreign antigens. The immune system of the intestine is the most extensive in the organism and involves diffuse populations of immune cells, lymphoid aggregates and intraepithelial lymphocytes. On the other hand, the functions of the digestive… CONTINUE READING

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