Integration of heard and seen speech: a factor in learning disabilities in children.

  title={Integration of heard and seen speech: a factor in learning disabilities in children.},
  author={Erin A. Hayes and Kaisa Tiippana and Trent G. Nicol and Mikko Sams and Nina Kraus},
  journal={Neuroscience letters},
  volume={351 1},
Normal-learning children (NL) and children with learning disabilities (LD) reported their perceptions of unisensory (auditory or visual), concordant audiovisual (e.g. visual /apa/ and auditory /apa/) and conflicting (e.g. visual /aka/ and auditory /apa/) speech stimuli in quiet and noise (0 dB and -12 dB signal-to-noise ratio, SNR). In normal populations, watching such conflicting combinations typically changes auditory percepts ('McGurk effect'). NL and LD children identified unisensory… CONTINUE READING


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