Integration of complex objects and transitive relationships for information retrieval

Abstract

In this paper we show that in advanced information retrieval (IR) applications capabilities for data aggregation, transitive computation and NF (non-first normal form) relational computation are often necessary at the same time. We demonstrate that complex objects are naturally modeled as NF relations whereas structures like hierarchical thesauri must be modeled for transitive computation. Transitive processing cannot be supported by structurally static structures like NF relations. We present a truly declarative query interface, which integrates data aggregation, transitive computation and NF relational computation. Thus the interface supports the retrieval and structural manipulation of complex objects (e.g., documents, and bibliographic references), their retrieval through transitive relationships (e.g., thesauri, citations) and data aggregation based on their components (e.g., citation counts, author productivity). Most importantly, users can formulate queries on a high abstraction level without mastering actual programming or database techniques.

DOI: 10.1016/S0306-4573(99)00020-5

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Cite this paper

@article{Jrvelin1999IntegrationOC, title={Integration of complex objects and transitive relationships for information retrieval}, author={Kalervo J{\"a}rvelin and Timo Niemi}, journal={Inf. Process. Manage.}, year={1999}, volume={35}, pages={655-678} }