Integrating leadership: The leadership circumplex

  title={Integrating leadership: The leadership circumplex},
  author={Marleen Redeker and Reinout E. de Vries and Danny Rouckhout and Patrick Vermeren and Filip De Fruyt},
The present study aims to integrate leadership conceptualizations into one overarching model, using a "leadership circumplex". Two studies describe the construction and examine the psychometric characteristics of an operationalization of the leadership circumplex, the Circumplex Leadership Scan (CLS). Results showed that the CLS complies with the criteria of a true circumplex. Furthermore, scales, representing leadership styles, showed reasonable to high reliability. A third study confirmed the… CONTINUE READING