Integrating albuminuria and GFR in the assessment of diabetic nephropathy

  title={Integrating albuminuria and GFR in the assessment of diabetic nephropathy},
  author={George Jerums and Sianna Panagiotopoulos and Erosha Premaratne and Richard J MacIsaac},
  journal={Nature Reviews Nephrology},
The evaluation of diabetic nephropathy from research and clinical viewpoints depends on the assessment of two continuous variables, albumin excretion rate (AER) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR). These two parameters form the basis of both the European classification of five stages of diabetic nephropathy, assessed according to changes in AER and GFR (hyperfiltration, normoalbuminuria, microalbuminuria, macroalbuminuria and end-stage renal disease), and the National Kidney Foundation… CONTINUE READING


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