Integrating Temporal Biases

  title={Integrating Temporal Biases},
  author={Lawrence J. Sanna and Norbert Schwarz},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  pages={474 - 481}
We provide an integrative account of temporal biases (confidence changes, planning fallacy, impact bias, and hindsight bias). Students listed either 3 or 12 thoughts about success or failure before an upcoming real-life exam or immediately after learning their grades. Previous explanations had focused on how thought content alone (what comes to mind) influences temporal biases. We found, however, an interaction between thought content and accessibility experiences (how easily or difficultly… 

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