Integrated view of internal friction in unfolded proteins from single-molecule FRET, contact quenching, theory, and simulations.

Abstract

Internal friction is an important contribution to protein dynamics at all stages along the folding reaction. Even in unfolded and intrinsically disordered proteins, internal friction has a large influence, as demonstrated with several experimental techniques and in simulations. However, these methods probe different facets of internal friction and have been applied to disparate molecular systems, raising questions regarding the compatibility of the results. To obtain an integrated view, we apply here the combination of two complementary experimental techniques, simulations, and theory to the same system: unfolded protein L. We use single-molecule Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) to measure the global reconfiguration dynamics of the chain, and photoinduced electron transfer (PET), a contact-based method, to quantify the rate of loop formation between two residues. This combination enables us to probe unfolded-state dynamics on different length scales, corresponding to different parts of the intramolecular distance distribution. Both FRET and PET measurements show that internal friction dominates unfolded-state dynamics at low denaturant concentration, and the results are in remarkable agreement with recent large-scale molecular dynamics simulations using a new water model. The simulations indicate that intrachain interactions and dihedral angle rotation correlate with the presence of internal friction, and theoretical models of polymer dynamics provide a framework for interrelating the contribution of internal friction observed in the two types of experiments and in the simulations. The combined results thus provide a coherent and quantitative picture of internal friction in unfolded proteins that could not be attained from the individual techniques.

DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1616672114

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Cite this paper

@article{Soranno2017IntegratedVO, title={Integrated view of internal friction in unfolded proteins from single-molecule FRET, contact quenching, theory, and simulations.}, author={Andrea Soranno and Andrea Holla and Fabian Dingfelder and Daniel Nettels and Dmitrii E Makarov and Benjamin Schuler}, journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America}, year={2017}, volume={114 10}, pages={E1833-E1839} }