Integrated control of juvenile Ixodes scapularis parasitizing Peromyscus leucopus in residential settings in Connecticut, United States.

  title={Integrated control of juvenile Ixodes scapularis parasitizing Peromyscus leucopus in residential settings in Connecticut, United States.},
  author={Scott C. Williams and Eliza A.H. Little and Kirby C. Stafford and Goudarz Molaei and Megan A. Linske},
  journal={Ticks and tick-borne diseases},
  volume={9 5},

Efficacy of low-dose fipronil bait against blacklegged tick (Ixodes scapularis) larvae feeding on white-footed mice (Peromyscus leucopus) under simulated field conditions

Fipronil bait was palatable and controlled larval ticks on white-footed mice when presented under simulated field conditions and may provide a cost-effective means of controlling blacklegged ticks to be integrated into tick management programs.

Evaluating the effectiveness of an integrated tick management approach on multiple pathogen infection in Ixodes scapularis questing nymphs and larvae parasitizing white-footed mice

The utility of integrated tick management measures in reducing both the abundance of juvenile I. scapularis and infection with the aforementioned pathogens is highlighted.

Efficacy of a low dose fipronil bait against blacklegged tick (Ixodes scapularis) larvae feeding on white-footed mice (Peromyscus leucopus) under laboratory conditions

Early indication that low dose fipronil bait, orally presented to white-footed mice, can effectively control blacklegged tick larvae is provided.

Barriers to Effective Tick Management and Tick-Bite Prevention in the United States (Acari: Ixodidae)

Solutions will need to be ‘two-pronged': improving the tick and pathogen control toolbox and strengthening the public health workforce engaging in tick control at local and state levels.

Integrated Tick Management in Guilford, CT: Fipronil-Based Rodent-Targeted Bait Box Deployment Configuration and Peromyscus leucopus (Rodentia: Cricetidae) Abundance Drive Reduction in Tick Burdens

Findings not only support the recommended perimeter deployment configuration but provide insight into effective utilization in areas of high P. leucopus abundance, which was a significant predictor of tick burden reduction while bait consumption was not.

Effects of Neighborhood-Scale Acaricidal Treatments on Infection Prevalence of Blacklegged Ticks (Ixodes scapularis) with Three Zoonotic Pathogens

Acaricides are hypothesized to reduce human risk of exposure to tick-borne pathogens by decreasing the abundance and/or infection prevalence of the ticks that serve as vectors for the pathogens.

Surveillance of Ticks and Tick-Borne Pathogens in Suburban Natural Habitats of Central Maryland

Results from study on tick abundance and pathogen infection status in questing ticks, rodent reservoirs, and ticks feeding on Peromyscus spp.

Effectiveness of granular formulations of Metarhizium anisopliae and Metarhizium brunneum (Hypocreales: Clavicipitaceae) on off-host larvae of Dermacentor albipictus (Acari: Ixodidae)

The potential of granular formulations of Metarhizium to persist and kill a one-host tick whose larvae have a prolonged off-host stage is demonstrated.



Integrated Control of Nymphal Ixodes scapularis: Effectiveness of White-Tailed Deer Reduction, the Entomopathogenic Fungus Metarhizium anisopliae, and Fipronil-Based Rodent Bait Boxes.

A combination of the broadcast application of M. anisopliae and small rodent-targeted fipronil-based bait boxes is an effective low-toxicity integrated approach that significantly reduced encounters with B. burgdorferi-infected questing nymphal I. scapularis on individual properties.

Control of Immature Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae) on Rodent Reservoirs of Borrelia burgdorferi in a Residential Community of Southeastern Connecticut

Results from this 3-yr trial indicate that the use of fipronil passively applied to reservoir animals by bait boxes is an environmentally acceptable means to control ticks, interrupt the natural disease transmission cycle, and reduce the risk of Lyme disease for residents of treated properties.

Vectorial capacity of North American Ixodes ticks.

It is suggested that mice serve as the principal reservoir for the Lyme spirochete as well as Babesia microti in the northeastern quadrant of the United States and nearby Canada.

Comparison of the reservoir competence of medium-sized mammals and Peromyscus leucopus for Anaplasma phagocytophilum in Connecticut.

In the northeastern United States, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, the agent of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (HGE), is transmitted by the tick vector Ixodes scapularis. The white-footed mouse

Field Applications of Entomopathogenic Fungi Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium anisopliae F52 (Hypocreales: Clavicipitaceae) for the Control of Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae)

The results suggest the application of entomopathogenic fungi could provide another approach for the control of J. scapularis nymphs in residential or similar landscapes.

Host-Associations and Seasonal Abundance of Immature Ixodes dammini in Southeastern Massachusetts

The broad host range of immature Ixodes dammini, as well as the coincidence of maximum seasonal feeding activity of nymphal I. dammini with seasonal onset of illness of human babesiosis, strongly suggest that nymphAL I.dammini transmit B. microti to man.

Borrelia burgdorferi in an urban environment: white-tailed deer with infected ticks and antibodies

Foci for Lyme borreliosis can occur in forested, urban settings as well as in rural areas if there are ticks, rodents, birds, and large mammals present, and human exposure to ticks in such sites should be considered as a possible source of B. burgdorferi infection.

Microgeographic distribution of immature Ixodes dammini ticks correlated with that of deer

Results suggest that risk of I.dammini‐borne zoonotic disease may be decreased by locally reducing deer density in sites that experience intense human activity.

Vertebrate host relationships and distribution of ixodid ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) in Connecticut, USA.

Fifteen tick species of Amblyomma, Dermacentor, Haemaphysalis, Ixodes and Rhipicephalus were identified from 8917 specimens collected in Connecticut and D. variabilis occurs throughout Connecticut and is the most frequently encountered tick on humans and dogs.

Ticks parasitizing humans in a Lyme disease endemic area of southern New York State.

I. dammini parasitism was reported during all months of the year except December and February and involved all life stages and only D. variabilis adults parasitized humans, with all cases occurring in the spring and summer.