Integrated Constructed Wetlands (ICW): Ecological Development in Constructed Wetlands for Manure Treatment

@article{Boets2011IntegratedCW,
  title={Integrated Constructed Wetlands (ICW): Ecological Development in Constructed Wetlands for Manure Treatment},
  author={Pieter Boets and Evi Michels and Erik Meers and Koen Lock and F. M. G. Tack and Peter L. M. Goethals},
  journal={Wetlands},
  year={2011},
  volume={31},
  pages={763-771}
}
In Flanders (Belgium), treatment systems based on constructed wetlands have been successfully implemented to treat the liquid fraction of separated pig manure, resulting in water that meets the stringent discharge criteria. As these systems have proven their nutrient removal performance, attention has moved towards the concept of biodiversity development from a perspective of Integrated Constructed Wetlands (ICWs). The spontaneous colonization of constructed wetlands with macroinvertebrates was… CONTINUE READING

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