Insult of gastroesophageal reflux on airway: clinical significance of pharyngeal nozzle.

Abstract

At the very time of global paying the highest attention to the worst insults of smoking as well as haze on the airway, everybody knows both are exogenous and noticeable. However, people mostly, including many medical personnel, do not know how badly the gastroesophageal reflux (GER) insults on our own airway. Symptoms of GER are commonly seen as heartburn… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/s11684-014-0343-1

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