Insulin effects in muscle and adipose tissue.

  title={Insulin effects in muscle and adipose tissue.},
  author={George Dimitriadis and Panayota I Mitrou and Vaia Lambadiari and Eirini Maratou and Sotirios Raptis},
  journal={Diabetes research and clinical practice},
  volume={93 Suppl 1},
The major effects of insulin on muscle and adipose tissue are: (1) Carbohydrate metabolism: (a) it increases the rate of glucose transport across the cell membrane, (b) it increases the rate of glycolysis by increasing hexokinase and 6-phosphofructokinase activity, (c) it stimulates the rate of glycogen synthesis and decreases the rate of glycogen breakdown. (2) Lipid metabolism: (a) it decreases the rate of lipolysis in adipose tissue and hence lowers the plasma fatty acid level, (b) it… CONTINUE READING
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