Instruments for minimally invasive surgery: principles of ergonomic handles.

@article{Matern1999InstrumentsFM,
  title={Instruments for minimally invasive surgery: principles of ergonomic handles.},
  author={Ulrich Matern and Peter Abdelmassih Waller},
  journal={Surgical endoscopy},
  year={1999},
  volume={13 2},
  pages={174-82}
}
Although the advantages of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) have been clearly established for the patient, the surgeon must cope with disadvantages caused by unergonomic instrument handles. Pressure areas and persisting nerve lesions have been described in the literature. The shape of the instrument handles has been identified as the reason for these disorders. To prevent these, it is necessary to use ergonomically designed handles for MIS instruments. Anatomic, physiologic, and ergonomic facts… CONTINUE READING