Corpus ID: 232076243

Instrumental variables, spatial confounding and interference

  title={Instrumental variables, spatial confounding and interference},
  author={Andrew Giffin and Brian J. Reich and Shu Yang and Ana G. Rappold},
Unobserved spatial confounding variables are prevalent in environmental and ecological applications where the system under study is complex and the data are often observational. Instrumental variables (IVs) are a common way to address unobserved confounding; however, the efficacy of using IVs on spatial confounding is largely unknown. This paper explores the effectiveness of IVs in this situation – with particular attention paid to the spatial scale of the instrument. We show that, in case of… Expand


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  • C. Paciorek
  • Mathematics, Medicine
  • Statistical science : a review journal of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics
  • 2010
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