Institutions, Strategic Restraint, and the Persistence of American Postwar Order

  title={Institutions, Strategic Restraint, and the Persistence of American Postwar Order},
  author={Gilford John Ikenberry},
  journal={International Security},
  • G. Ikenberry
  • Published 24 January 1998
  • Political Science
  • International Security

The Oil Nationalizations in Bolivia (1937) and Mexico (1938): A Comparative Study of Asymmetric Confrontations with the United States

In the 1930s the Bolivian and Mexican governments decreed the nationalization of their respective oil industries, thus starting a juncture of tensions in their relationship with the United States

Power, Institutions and the CSDP: The Promise of Institutionalist Theory

The Common Security and Defence Policy and its predecessor, the European Security and Defence Policy represent institutionalized attempts on the part of European Union member states to respond to the


This study argues that American foreign policy (AFP) represented continuity rather than change from the collapse of the Berlin Wall in 1989 to the fall of Baghdad in 2003. During this time, the US

Invasion by invitation: the role of alliances in the Asia-Pacific

  • M. Beeson
  • Political Science
    Rivalry and Cooperation in the Asia-Pacific
  • 2019
Alliances continue to occupy a prominent place in the Asia-Pacific's security architecture. For many regional states such as Australia and Japan, their respective alliances with the USA are the

The Death of Major International Organizations: When Institutional Stickiness is not Enough

Major international organizations (IOs) are heavily contested, but they are rarely dissolved. Scholars have focused on their longevity, making institutional arguments about replacement costs and

Los Técnicos and the Role of Ideas: Unraveling Mexico's Transition to Trade Liberalization

Abstract:The international political economy literature features competing explanations for when states move from protectionist to liberal trade policies, and when states transition from

The Efficiency-Stability Tradeoff: How efficient world order drives

  • Political Science
  • 2022
Why do states construct fragile peace settlements that risk catastrophic war contagion? We study a multi-actor, multi-issue model of world order. We examine how variation in the amount that states

Evaluating Realism and Liberalism: Which School of Thought Better Explains World Politics?

Realism and liberalism are two of the most competitive and applicable international relations theories that frequently provoke scholar confrontations. The two world-wars that took place last century



Unipolar politics : realism and state strategies after the Cold War

1. Realism and International Relations After the Cold War, by Michael Mastanduno and Ethan B. Kapstein2. Realism and the Present Great Power System: Growth and Positional Conflict Over Scarce

Eagle Adrift: American Foreign Policy at the End of the Century

I. INTRODUCTION: THE DOMESTIC CONTEXT. 1. Eagle Without A Cause: Making Foreign Policy Without the Soviet Threat, Robert J. Lieber. 2. The New Isolationism, William Schneider. 3. Who, Why, What, and

Democracy and the Market

From the instrumental point of view, the key to liberal democracy is some system of voting. Democracy and electoral competition are regarded as virtually synonymous, with interparty competition being