Institutional Environments and Scholarly Work: American Criminology, 1951-1993

  title={Institutional Environments and Scholarly Work: American Criminology, 1951-1993},
  author={Joachim J. Savelsberg and Lara Cleveland and Ryan D. King},
  journal={Social Forces},
  pages={1275 - 1302}
Neoinstitutional theses are examined for the constitution of criminological knowledge during the transformation of penal regimes and the accompanying emergence of a specialized field of criminology. Effects of this reorganization, historical period, and research funding on scholarly journal publications are examined. Results are based on a content analysis of 1,612 articles published in leading journals between 1951 and 1993. Multivariate analyses support neoinstitutional ideas, as topical and… 

Tables from this paper

American Criminology Meets Collins: Global Theory of Intellectual Change and a Policy-Oriented Field
Ideas from Randall Collins’s Sociology of Philosophies are applied to U.S. criminology, a policy-oriented field and one case of differentiation out of a fragmented sociological discipline. Building
Period and cohort effects are explored in regard to criminological knowledge. Hypotheses are inspired by biographies and by research in the sociology of knowledge, based on Karl Mannheim's essay on
Irreconcilable Differences? Examining Divergences in the Orientations of Criminology and Criminal Justice Scholarship, 1951–2008
This investigation addresses the question of whether the establishment of intellectual boundaries between criminology and criminal justice are the result of substantive methodological and theoretical
Whither Criminology?: On the State of Criminology's Paradigm
What is the condition of criminology’s paradigm? The reply to this question has implications bearing on the profession’s bona fides as a science as well as its sustainability as an independent
Criminology in Perspective: An Analysis of Trends in Normative Expectations, Research Orientations, and Policy in Recent Decades
The field of criminology has experienced rapid growth in the last three decades. During this time the field has become institutionally independent, but at the same time, the impact of criminological
Reestablishing the Foundations: Investigating the Theoretical and Practical Boundaries of Criminology
Symbolic boundaries are essential to social functioning and, more narrowly, to the social functioning of academia. Yet the boundaries of the field of Criminology remain deeply ambiguous. What are the
Whither Criminology? The Search for a Paradigm Over the Last Half Century
To what degree does criminology demonstrate the genuine presence or lack of a paradigm (i.e. theoretical-methodological consensus) to help structure its research enterprise? There are trade-offs to
In the early twentieth century, the University of California-Berkeley opened its doors to police professionals for instruction in "police science." This program ultimately developed into the
Criminology in and of China: Discipline and Power
This sociohistorical study of the development of criminology in the People’s Republic of China not only considers available primary and secondary sources but also directly draws upon fieldwork


The New Institutionalism in Organizational Analysis
Long a fruitful area of scrutiny for students of organizations, the study of institutions is undergoing a renaissance in contemporary social science. This volume offers, for the first time, both
Politicized Scholarship? Science on Crime and the State
The association between state actions on the one hand and the production of scholarly knowledge about crime and crime control on the other is examined. This article provides an empirical examination
Knowledge, Domination, and Criminal Punishment
Recent dramatic increases of criminal punishment in the United States and very different trends in the Federal Republic of Germany suggest a critique of basic sociological theory traditions. The
The Legalization of the Workplace
This study uses longitudinal data on nearly 300 American employmers over the period 1955-85 to analyze the adoption of disciplinary hearings and grievance procedures for nonunion salaried and hourly
Imprisonment and Social Classification in Five Common‐Law Democracies, 1955–19851
  • J. Sutton
  • Economics
    American Journal of Sociology
  • 2000
Rates of imprisonment have risen in many Western democracies over the past few decades, most dramatically in the United States. The development of a systematic and general explanation of imprisonment
Limits on Technocratization of the Law: The Elimination of the National Labor Relations Board's Division of Economic Research
Because classand state-centered perspectives converge to predict the increasing use of science by capitalist states and because social scientists have increasingly pervaded U.S. governmental
World society the nation-state and environmental protection. Comment on Frank Hironaka and Schofer.
This article comments on the implications of Frank Hironaka and Schofer’s paper regarding world society nation-state and environmental protection. The arguments presented in their paper provide a
Sociology and its publics : the forms and fates of disciplinary organization
Sociology faces troubling developments as it enters its second century in the United States. A loss of theoretical coherence and a sense of disciplinary fragmentation, a decline in the quality of its
World culture in the world polity : A century of international non-governmental organization
The authors analyze the growth of international non-governmental organizations between 1875 and 1973 using a data set on almost 6,000 organizations. Although these organizations are highly
Major trends in the sociological study of crime for the past quarter of a century include a movement away from concrete studies of crime and criminals toward more general theories of deviance and