Instinct: A Mechanical Analogy

  title={Instinct: A Mechanical Analogy},
  author={Joseph J Murphy},
MR. DARWIN, in his article on “The Origin of certain Instincts,” in NATURE, of April 3, appears inclined to think that what we may call the instinct of direction in animals is of the same kind as the faculty by which men find their way: and he instances the power of the natives of Siberia to find their way over hummocky ice. He afterwards, however, raises without discussing the question “whether animals may not possess the faculty of keeping a dead reckoning of their course in a much more… Expand
A connectionist model of path integration with and without a representation of distance to the starting point
Path integration (dead reckoning) is the process by which animals use self-generated movement information to continuously update a representation of their position relative to some starting point.Expand
Beyond the Cognitive Map: From Place Cells to Episodic Memory
There are currently two major theories about the role of the hippocampus, a distinctive structure in the back of the temporal lobe. One says that it stores a cognitive map, the other that it is a keyExpand
Inertial navigation as a basis for animal navigation
A number of experimental results are found to be consistent with the possible existence of a physiological inertial system of either a pure or hybrid form, and further investigation of the problems of animal navigation from the standpoint of inertial navigation appears merited. Expand
Consciousness as recursive, spatiotemporal self-location
  • F. Peters
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychological research
  • 2010
As the primary reference frame of active waking cognition, this recursive self-locational schema processing generates a zone of subjective self-awareness in terms of which it feels like something to be oneself here and now is consciousness-as-subjectivity. Expand
Models of spatial representation in the medial entorhinal cortex
High-level cognitive abilities such as memory, navigation, and decision making rely on the communication between the hippocampal formation and the neocortex. At the interface between these two brainExpand
Path integration in mammals
The current literature on path integration and its interaction with external, location‐based cues is reviewed and special importance is given to the correlation between observable behavior and the activity pattern of particular neural cell populations that implement the internal representation of space. Expand
Universal conditions for exact path integration in neural systems
A set of necessary and sufficient conditions for a general class of systems that performs exact path integration are derived and may help constrain future experimental and modeling studies pertaining to a broad class of neural integration systems. Expand
Navigating with fingers and feet: analysis of human (Homo sapiens) and rat (Rattus norvegicus) movement organization during nonvisual spatial tasks.
Evidence for a role of movement segmentation in processing self-movement cues selective to direction estimation is provided and a foundation for future studies investigating the neurobiology of spatial orientation is developed. Expand
Movement characteristics support a role for dead reckoning in organizing exploratory behavior
Movement characteristics of the tour and return progressions under novel-dark and light conditions support a role for dead reckoning in organizing exploratory behavior. Expand
Fractionating dead reckoning: role of the compass, odometer, logbook, and home base establishment in spatial orientation
This review examines the extent that kinematic analysis of naturally occurring behavior has provided insight into processes that mediate dead-reckoning-based navigation and supports a role for separate systems in processing self-movement cues that converge on the hippocampus. Expand